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Disease in Interior Western States
SUPPORT GROUPS |
disease information for Arizona, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, and Utah
very limited. The disease has been reported in all of these states but
numbers of cases have been few, either because the disease is
rare or reporting procedures are flawed.
requires meeting CDC testing criteria which are based on East
Lyme cases. The differing strains of Lyme disease found on the
Coast may make this reporting procedure of questionable value
misleading to both patients and physicians. For this reason,
relatively few CDC cases that have been reported for surveillance
purposes are omitted.
Health authorities in these states tend to
be minimally informed about
Lyme disease and other tick-borne
infections. Information for online
support groups is provided at the
end of this article.
Mapping the national distribution of
blacklegged ticks in 1998.
map clearly shows a trend from southern California to southern
northernArizona, and western Utah. An interesting aspect of
this map is
that it is based on data compiled by David Dennis and
others at the
CDC. At the time, David Dennis was the Lyme disease
officer at the CDC. It was also done at a time when Lyme
was more truthful, before the information on Lyme disease
distorted in about 2003 to accommodate insurers, pharmaceutical
companies, and the failed Lyme vaccine as well as CDC employees
Lyme disease testing and vaccine patents.
tick-borne diseases are found (from IDEXX, a veterinarian testing
laboratory). Readers should note that in states where Lyme disease is
downplayed by health authorities or not generally recognized,
veterinarians tend to not order Lyme disease tests. Hence, results
directly impacted by the low numbers of Lyme disease tests ordered.
denial of Lyme disease is contradicted by the canine cases
IDEXX (link above). It is also contradicted by the CDC
the presence of Ixodes ticks, the ticks that carry Lyme
Arizona in the article referenced above -
distribution of blacklegged ticks in 1998.”
Arizona Department of Health Services
An important update, April 2013, by the ADHS acknowledging Lyme
in Arizona and presence of the vector tick.
Tina Garcia’s story states the situation in
Arizona Lyme Disease Association
Support groups are located in Phoenix, Tucson, and Northern Arizona.
provided by Idaho health care authorities is virtually
nonexistent. Lyme disease and other tick borne infections are
reportable in Idaho.. It is presumed that Lyme cases must meet
testing criteria which results in very low numbers of reported
Panhandle Health District
Idaho Lyme Disease Support Group
very recently, Montana has not had a reported case of Lyme
disease. According to research, the Ixodes ticks that are
to harbor Lyme disease have not been found in Montana.
have been a significant number of reports about an illness
Lyme disease in and around the Yellowstone National
Park area. A recent
hypothesis is that Lyme disease may be carried
in another form by
another type of tick. It may also be a reason why
CDC recommended tests
fail to pick up the disease and that Lyme
treatments work for this
Montana is to be commended for their openmindedness and investigation
of this manifestation.
Montana Public Health 2007
Montana Lab Tries to Identify Tick-Borne Disease,
New York Times 2003
Mysterious tick disease afflicts Montana 2003
Tick borne disease in Montana, The Missoulian 2004
Out-of-state bites boost Lyme disease cases,
Billings Gazette 2009
(Note; Dr. Paul Mead of the CDC offers his biased and misinformed
Mysterious Tickborne Disease a Chilling
Dept. of Public Health
Bitterroot home to tick that carries
bacteria for relapsing fever - NBC report January 2015
Tickborne Relapsing Fever, Bitterroot
Valley, Montana, USA - CDC report February 2015
Information for Lyme disease in Nevada is scarce.
The CDC map above, “Mapping the national distribution of
blacklegged ticks in 1998,” shows the southern counties
and Utah as having Ixodes ticks. The study “Spacial
Lyme Disease Risk in California”
shows the counties near
Lake Tahoe as being favoraable habitat for the
tick that carries Lyme disease. The IDEXX map of
reported canine cases
shows cases noted in Nevada, fewer than Arizona
and Oregon but greater
than Idaho and Washington.
There is little doubt that Lyme disease is in Nevada, but with no
studies the extent cannot be determined.
Nevada State Health Division
warning Utahns about Lyme disease risk, symptoms
Information about preventing and correctly
identifying Lyme disease
This is an excellent article about Lyme Disease in Utah.
Disease Alliance (ULDA)
Lyme disease, scientific name BORRELIOSIS, IS
FOUND in Utah.
Ticks of the Genus Ixodes in Utah - 1960
excellent study by Brigham Young University, although dated,
Ixodes tick information for Utah. This study was done before
disease was recognized in the United States. Pages 37-39
detailed maps of Ixodes tick distribution in the 1950's. Without
intervention, tick populations can increase both in terms of numbers
in geographical distribution.
Mitochondrial DNA sequence variation in Ixodes
Note; Examines genetic variation in tick populations of western states.
Map of areas studied -
This map clearly shows western Utah as endemic for Lyme disease.
See also the map referenced above in the “Maps” section.
“Mapping the national distribution of blacklegged
ticks in 1998.”
From The Utah Department of Health – March 2010…
“Most people who have Lyme disease in Utah were actually bitten by
tick from another state.”
Utah Department of Health is obviously not well informed about Lyme
disease. They rely on CDC test recommendations including the
poor Lyme ELISA screening test.
Lyme ELISA is based on a single East Coast strain. The strain
variations in the West may make the test even less accurate or totally
The Lyme disease information provided by the Utah
Department of Health
has many incorrect statements such as “About
70-80% will have a red macule
or papule that expands slowly in a
circular manner, often with a central
clearing (referred to as a
“bulls-eye” rash).” Studies have shown that the
rashes are much
fewer than 70-80% and that the rash is not always a classic
“bulls-eye.” The information is also otherwise flawed.
Woman walks again after missed Lyme disease
diagnosis Nov. 2012
(The comments following the article may also be helpful.)
Chronic Lyme disease hobbles Spanish Fork woman
A comment found on the Internet…
in Alpine. I'm CDC positive as is stated on my lab reports through
LabCorp. This disease is in Utah and has been for many years as is
in the case of Jennica Noorlander in March 1993, Deseret News,
woman sited in a case study entitled, "Stillbirth Following Maternal
Lyme Disease." This study involves a woman who was bitten on a hike
the Wasatch Mountains in 1984. It is written by Alan MacDonald, MD,
Jorge Benach, PhD. and Willy Burgdorfer, PhD in 1987 in the New York
State Journal of Medicine, Volume 87. Willy Burgdorfer just so
to be the person the Lyme bacteria was named for as he
is the one who
found the bacteria.
Utah Lyme Disease Support
This is a reference and support group for Lyme (and
diseases) patients, their
givers, medical professionals, and
anyone else interested in
knowing more about
how to cope with it. We are a
service of the Arizona Lyme Disease
Association (AZLDA), a branch of the
national Lyme Disease
Created: 4 years ago
Idaho Online Lyme Support is a virtual meeting place and source for
emotional support for
people with Lyme and other
tick-borne diseases living in Idaho.
19 Members, Archives: Membership required
Montana Lyme Support is a virtual meeting place and source for
emotional support for people with Lyme. Please
moderator of this group caught
Lyme in Montana!!!
Created: 3 years ago
Nevada Online Lyme Support is a virtual meeting place for people with
Lyme and other tick-borne
diseases living in Nevada.
Created: 3 years ago
Utah Online Lyme Support is a virtual meeting place for people with
Lyme and other tick-borne
diseases living in Utah - even if you acquired
3 years ago
Geographic Distribution of Ticks in the United States - CDC Maps 2012
In Copyright since 2000